These conditions are found along the Equatorial zone between latitudes 25 degrees North and 30 degrees South around the world. This is not the only factor that makes the quality and coffee flavour though, other than location the variety of coffee tree and amount of rainfall and sun all contributes to the growing process. Growing coffee trees to get the perfect flavour is a complex issue, so much that even from one plantation you can find a variation in the quality and taste.
Coffee is still grown in over 50 countries around the world including North America, The Caribbean, Central America, South America, Africa, The Middle East and Asia.
In Mexico there are over 100,000 farmers, making Mexico one of the largest coffee producing countries creating Mexican coffee with a depth of flavour, which is often used in blends. One area we all associate with coffee is Puerto Rico, which has had its fair share of problems over the years, but today is again producing fine coffees including Arabica varieties.
In Central and South America the big coffee growing areas comprise of Costa Rica who has a reputation for fine coffee, Colombia - probably the best-known producer and Brazil who is the biggest producer in the world. The differences between these countries include the processes used for example Costa Rica produces only wet processed Arabicas which are a medium bodied flavour. Columbia works very hard to maintain their reputation and to transport and harvest the beans because of the rugged terrain of the country and produce mild coffees. The huge Brazilian plantations, where both Arabica and Robusta (link esterno) are grown, cover much of Brazil allowing them to make massive quantities of medium bodied coffee.
In Africa and the Middle East, Kenyan coffee is probably the most well known but other areas are Ethiopia, Cote D’lvoire and Yemen which has a distinctive taste like no other.
Asia is home to Indonesia, a vast country that grows fine coffees with a rich full-bodied flavour. Although Vietnam has been producing coffee since the mid nineteenth century, today the coffee industry is rapidly growing making Vietnam one of the largest producers in the world. Much of Vietnamese coffee has a mild body and a good balance that is often used for blending coffee (link esterno).